Special Education Acronyms

Special Education and other areas related to individuals with disabilities has it own language. This language includes a myriad of acronyms and can be confusing and overwhelming. The acronyms listed below are some of the common acronyms that you may run across in IDEA Regulations, meetings with school staff, and in the paperwork concerning your child's evaluations, eligibilities, and educational program. Knowledge of what these acronyms mean helps you become more fully informed and a more effective partner in making decisions about your child's educational needs.

504 – Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
AAC – Alternative Augmentative Communication
ADA – Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
ADD – Attention Deficit Disorder
ADHD – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
ADL – Activities of Daily Living
ADR – Alternative Dispute Resolution
AODA - Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse
APE – Adaptive Physical Education
APR - Annual Performance Report
ARD – Admission, Review, and Dismissal Committee
ASD – Autism Spectrum Disorder
ASL – American Sign Language
AT – Assistive Technology
AYP - Adequate Yearly Progress
BD – Behavior Disorders
BIP – Behavioral Intervention Plan
CA – Chronological Age
CAP - Corrective Action Plan
CAPD – Central Auditory Processing Disorder
CD - Cognitive Disability
CF - Cystic Fibrosis
CFR - Code of Federal Regulations
CP - Cerebral Palsy
CSPD - Comprehensive System of Personnel Development
CST - Child Study Team
DB – Deaf Blind
DD – Developmental Disability
DD Act - Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act
DS - Down Syndrome
DSM - Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders by the American Psychiatric Association
ECE - Early Childhood Education
ED – Emotionally Disturbed (as called Seriously Emotionally Disturbed)
EDGAR - Education Department General Administrative Regulations
EI – Early Intervention
EMH - Educable Mentally Handicapped
EMR - Educable Mentally Retarded
EPSDT - Early Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment
ESD - Extended School Day
ESEA - Elementary and Secondary Education Act ESL – English as a Second Language
ESY – Extended School Year
FAPE – Free and Appropriate Public Education
FAS - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
FBA – Functional Behavioral Assessment
FC – Facilitated Communication
FEOG – Full Educational Opportunity Goal
FERPA – Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act
FOIA – Freedom of Information Act
GE – General Education
GT – Gifted and Talented
HI – Hearing Impaired
HO – Hearing Officer
IA – Instructional Assistant
IAES – Interim Alternative Educational Setting
IDEA – Individuals with Disabilities Act
IEE – Independent Educational Evaluation
IEP – Individualized Education Plan
IFSP – Individual Family Service Plan
IHE - Institution of Higher Education
ITP - Individualized Transition Plan
IQ – Intelligence Quotient
IPP – Individualized Program Plan
LEA – Local Education Agency
LD – Learning Disabilities
LEP – Limited English Proficient
LRE – Least Restrictive Environment
MA – Mental Age
MD – Muscular Dystrophy
MD – Multiple Disabilities
MH – Multiple Handicapped
MMR – Mildly Mentally Retarded
Mod MR – Moderately Mentally Retarded
NCLB – No Child Left Behind
NDT – Neurodevelopmental Treatment
NPRM – Notice of Proposed Rule Making
OCD – Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
ODD – Oppositional Defiant Disorder
OHI – Other Health Impairment
OI – Orthopedic Impairment
O & M – Orientation and Mobility
OSEP – Office of Special Education Programs
OT – Occupational Therapy
PALS - Peer-Assisted Learning System
PASS - Plan for Achieving Self-Support
PBS - Positive Behavioral Supports
PCA - Personal Care Attendant
PD - Physical Disability
PDD – Pervasive Developmental Disorder
PDD-NOS – Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Not Otherwise Specified
Perkins Act - Carl Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act
PLEP - Present Level of Educational Performance
PLP - Present Level of Performance
PP - Paraprofessional
PS - Preschool
PT – Physical Therapy
RS - Related Services
RSP – Resource Specialist Program
SAS - Supplementary Aids and Services
SB - Spina Bifida
SDC – Special Day Class
SE - Special Education
SEA – State Education Agency
SEAC - Special Education Advisory Committee
Section 504 - Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
SED - Serious Emotional Disturbance
SI - Sensory Integration
SLD – Specific Learning Disability (also called LD)
S/L I - Speech/Language Impairment
S/L P - Speech/Language Pathologist
S/P D - Severe/Profound Disability
S/P H - Severe/Profound Handicap
SPOA - Specific Power of Attorney
SSDI - Social Security Disability Income
SSI - Supplemental Security Income
SST - Student Study Team
TBI – Traumatic Brain Injury
TDD - Telecommunication Devices for the Deaf
TMH - Trainable Mentally Retarded
TMR - Trainable Mentally Retarded
TS - Tourette Syndrome
T-TA - Training and Technical Assistance
TTY - Teletypewriter (phone system for the deaf)
TWWIIA - Ticket to Work and Work Incentive Improvement Act
VI – Visually Impaired
Voc Ed - Vocational Education
VR - Vocational Rehabilitation